Ana Nzinga of Ndongo

queenannnzinga
In 1624, Ana Nzinga inherited rule of Ndongo, a state to the east of Luanda in modern day Angola, populated primarily by Mbundu peoples. At that moment, the kingdom was under attack from both Portuguese as well as neighboring African aggressors. Nzinga realized that, to remain viable, Ndongo had to reposition itself as an intermediary rather than a supply zone in the slave trade. To achieve this, she allied Ndongo with Portugal, simultaneously acquiring a partner in its fight against its African enemies and ending Portuguese slave raiding in the kingdom. Ana Nzinga’s baptism, with the Portuguese colonial governor serving as godfather, sealed this relationship.

By 1626, however, Portugal had betrayed Ndongo, and Nzinga was forced to flee with her people further west, where they founded a new state at Matamba, well beyond the reach of the Portuguese. To bolster Matamba’s martial power, Nzinga offered sanctuary to runaway slaves and Portuguese-trained African soldiers and adopted a form of military organization known as kilombo, in which youths renounced family ties and were raised communally in militias. She also fomented rebellion within Ndongo itself, which was now governed indirectly by the Portuguese through a puppet ruler.

Nzinga found an ally in the Netherlands, which seized Luanda for its own mercantile purposes in 1641. Their combined forces were insufficient to drive the Portuguese out of Angola, however, and after Luanda was reclaimed by the Portuguese, Nzinga was again forced to retreat to Matamba. From this point on, Nzinga focused on developing Matamba as a trading power by capitalizing on its position as the gateway to the Central African interior.

By the time of her death in 1661, Matamba was a formidable commercial state that dealt with the Portuguese colony on an equal footing. Nzinga, who reconverted to Christianity before her death at the age of eighty-one, became a sensation in Europe following the 1769 publication of Jean-Louis Castilhon’s colorful “biography,” Zingha, Reine d’Angola, in Paris.

Add Comment

screen-shot-2016-12-02-at-18-45-56
Why all world maps are wrong
164199_550562698299697_29017159_n
Husband Plants a Field of Scented Flowers for His Blind Wife to Smile Every Day
Screen Shot 2016-02-20 at 10.52.33
THIS BABY SHOWER WITH MELISANDRE FROM ‘GAME OF THRONES’ IS COMIC GOLD
stuck5
WHEN ANIMALS ARE STUCK BUT PLAY IT COOL…
introducing-microsoft-surface-studio-all-in-one-touchscreen-pc
Introducing Microsoft Surface Studio
laferrari-aperta-5-800x333
Sebastian Vettel – LaFerrari Aperta
roadtrips-never-felt-this-good-in-rivays-new-vintage-bmw-short-film-featured-tomboy-tarts-2
There Is Something About Driving
elviraandeunice-lfw2of13
The Truth By Carelle Style
1-f3jxsk4xn4o7nr2vidzqqw
How Berry Gordy Revolutionized Rhythm & Blues
Screen Shot 2016-08-05 at 18.43.20
Even Bombs Could Not Stop This Wedding
Pommituksen uhria kannetaan ambulanssiin
A Finnish Salute
tumblr_ob1qbm4TSY1spwf52o1_1280
Dog Of War
2BF74FB500000578-3222359-image-a-82_1441369111959
The Rebirth Of Cool Photography- GREG WILLIAMS
509431857_1280x720
GROUP B (TRAILER)
maxresdefault
This Boxing Film Looks Very Good Indeed
http-%2F%2F9network-vod-progressive.akamaized.net%2Fmedia2%2F664969388001%2F2016%2F06%2F664969388001_4999118971001_8117464-20160628-091740-VIDEO-STILL
Seal joins busker for impromptu duet – and its AMAZING!
screen-shot-2016-12-02-at-18-49-03
The Witch as a Wes Anderson Movie
screen-shot-2016-12-03-at-09-29-17
Jolene
screen-shot-2016-12-02-at-18-39-41
The Rolling Stones – Ride ‘Em On Down
screen-shot-2016-11-26-at-13-57-25
KONG: Skull Island

Follow us on Facebook!